Different types of robots
In 1495 Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) sketched plans for a humanoid robot, Da Vinci’s notebook was discovered in 1950s, it contained detailed drawings of a mechanical knight now known as Leonardo’s robot, it was able to wave its arms, move its head and jaw and was able to sit up. This robot design was probably based on anatomical research recorded in his Vitruvian Man. Nobody knows whether he attempted to build it. In 17th century animal and human automata were built in Japan, one such automaton was the Karakuri ningyo mechanized puppet. Later in France, between 1738 and 1739, exhibited several life-sized automations: a pipe player, a flute player and a duck, The mechanical duck could flap its wings, crane its neck, and swallow food from the exhibitor’s hand, and it gave the illusion of digesting its food by exerting matter stored in a hidden compartment.
Japanese craftsman Hisashige Tanaka (1799-1881), known as “Japan’s Edison, created an array of extremely complex mechanical toys, some of which served tea, fired arrows drawn from a quiver and even painted. In 1926, Westinghouse Electric Corporation created Televox, the first robot put to useful work. Later as the years past by there were lot of modifications done to robots…
Mobile robots are also found in industry, military and security environments, they have the capability to move around in their environment and are not fixed to one physical location; they are available as consumer products for entertainment or to perform certain task like vacuum cleaning. Mobile robots are usually used in controlled environments because they have difficulty responding to unexpected interference.
Industrial robots usually consists of a jointed arm and an end effectors that is attached to a fixed surface. One of the most common types of end effectors is a gripper assembly.
The term “service robot” is less well-defined. IFR has proposed a tentative definition, “A service robot is a robot which operates semi- or fully autonomously to perform services useful to human beings.
Modular robots functionality and effectiveness is easier to increase to compared to conventional robots, it’s a new breed of robots.
The name itself suggests it all, it’s basically used in battle fields, there is one robot named EATR, which can refuel itself using organic substances, although the engine for the EATR is designed to run on biomass and vegetation specifically selected by its sensors which can find on local environments or battlefields.
Nanorobotics is the emerging technology field of creating machines or robots whose components are at or close to the microscopic scale of a nanometer. It’s known as “nanobots” or “nanites”
Robots with silicone bodies and flexible actuators controlled using fuzzy logic, these robots have different behaviors.
These robots are inspired by colonies of insects such as ants and bees, researchers are modeling the behavior of swarms of thousands of tiny robots which together perform a useful task, such as finding something lost or hidden.